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Old 4th September 2018, 12:57 PM   #1
Cheetah
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Stone Tool

Heard my dogs barking off in the distance so I went to see what they were up to. They had chased a mongoose up a dead tree. After much difficulty in convincing them to leave the mongoose and come home with me, I spotted a small piece of stone sticking out of the ground.
My small property is in the middle, between two rivers, just before they join, but without any waterfront, damn. It's dense pottery type clay without stones so stones always catch my eye and I check them out. I often find little shards of reddish brown stone that look like they must have been chipped off a larger stone by someone.I once found a piece that looked like the back quarter of some stone tool.
Most of this one was buried, but almost whole.


ToolBot.jpg


From the bottom. I made a line where it was broken.


ToolTop.jpg


Anyone here know about these?
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Old 4th September 2018, 01:11 PM   #2
William Parcher
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My opinion is that it is a naturally broken stone rather than a cutting or scraping tool. Mainly because it doesn't look ergonomic at all and would cause hand muscle cramps if used.
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Old 4th September 2018, 01:12 PM   #3
lionking
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Originally Posted by Cheetah View Post
Heard my dogs barking off in the distance so I went to see what they were up to. They had chased a mongoose up a dead tree. After much difficulty in convincing them to leave the mongoose and come home with me, I spotted a small piece of stone sticking out of the ground.
My small property is in the middle, between two rivers, just before they join, but without any waterfront, damn. It's dense pottery type clay without stones so stones always catch my eye and I check them out. I often find little shards of reddish brown stone that look like they must have been chipped off a larger stone by someone.I once found a piece that looked like the back quarter of some stone tool.
Most of this one was buried, but almost whole.


Attachment 38818



From the bottom. I made a line where it was broken.


Attachment 38819


Anyone here know about these?
I studied Neolithic stone tools at university. The shearing looks recent to me. But I am far from an expert. I hope it is ancient.

ETA Plus what William said
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Old 4th September 2018, 01:26 PM   #4
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Not an expert by any means, but it looks like there's only a few fractures that made that shape. In contrast, most of the deliberately made stone tools I've seen have lots and lots of fractures, in order to optimize the shape for its desired function. That suggests to me it's not a tool.
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Old 4th September 2018, 02:05 PM   #5
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Flint tools are knapped........ie shaped by multiple small chips. It isn't impossible that it is a stone tool, but I would have said it is highly unlikely because it is so unlike the amazingly uniform stone tools we know from around the world.
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Old 4th September 2018, 03:13 PM   #6
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I was out Naturing one day with a friend who had some college. He just started picking up cobble stones from the creek bed and throwing them down hard into the other stones, hoping for a usable chip. Pretty low tech way to make a scraper.
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Old 4th September 2018, 10:58 PM   #7
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Certainly not knapped but a lot depends on where it was found too...need an expert.
Early hominid are pretty close



and an older chopper



info here
http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/or...tone_tools.php
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Old 5th September 2018, 01:38 AM   #8
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It was made from a prepared-core using the Levallois technique.









I suspect tools were made in the area, hence the flakes I find all around.
Just speculating, but this one probably broke when it was chipped off the core and was discarded.


Edit: Tools made using this technique were found less than 200 km west of here and dated to about 1 mya.


The Victoria West: earliest prepared core technology in the Acheulean at Canteen Kopje and implications for the cognitive evolution of early hominids


I wonder until how recently they were used.
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Old 6th September 2018, 02:37 AM   #9
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After finding the Levallois info Wikipedia I have read up some more.


Older tools were shaped by knapping flakes off a core to form the tool.

This new (relatively) technique is considered a revolution in stone tool technology that implies some cognitive advance.
You need careful preparation in shaping the core, but can then produce multiple tools/blades from the same core. The tools produced, like the point I found, also need little or no additional sharpening or shaping after being flaked off.


Some info on: Levallois Lithic Technology from the Kapthurin
Formation, Kenya




Quote:
The development of Levallois methods is a facet of lithic technological change that crosscuts the traditional divide between the Acheulian and Middle Stone Age, and may provide clues to local patterns of innovation and replacement during this period. The Acheulian-MSA transition is marked by the disappearance of handaxes, their replacement by regionally distinct forms of points, and an increased reliance on Levallois and other methods of flake and blade production

There are archeological sites all around central south Africa ranging from Middle Acheulean, Later Acheulean (Earlier Stone Age), Middle Stone Age and Later Stone Age. The prepared core techniques started being used during the late Acheulean.


Here is a nice page with info about the different ages and the tools produced in South Africa and who supposedly made them.
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Old 7th March 2019, 10:38 PM   #10
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Originally Posted by William Parcher View Post
My opinion is that it is a naturally broken stone rather than a cutting or scraping tool. Mainly because it doesn't look ergonomic at all and would cause hand muscle cramps if used.
It's actually very comfortable to hold for cutting, right handed - especially if your hands were slightly smaller. The broken side turns out to be a feature to rest your finger, not a mistake. It was undoubtedly used, with the cutting edge being full off little chips and wear and the supporting side still pristine.
IMG_2611.jpg


I've been keeping my eyes peeled walking around and I've found two more plus a bunch of flakes and broken bits. Both appear to be from a prepared core and both show signs of use with small chips along the sharp edges.

IMG_5379.jpg
There is a recent chip top right and the stone is actually black with a thin red layer of oxidation.


IMG_5377.jpg
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Old 7th March 2019, 10:40 PM   #11
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Get thee to a museum!
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Old 7th March 2019, 10:49 PM   #12
Cheetah
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Originally Posted by arthwollipot View Post
Get thee to a museum!

But that's not all folks, there's more...


I also found a button!


IMG_5360.jpg




Edit: Looks a lot like this one, though not quite.



IMG_5365.jpg


Reads: Firmin & Sons LD London
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Old 8th March 2019, 04:50 AM   #13
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Originally Posted by Cheetah View Post
But that's not all folks, there's more...


I also found a button!


Attachment 39723




Edit: Looks a lot like this one, though not quite.



Attachment 39724


Reads: Firmin & Sons LD London
Have a look here;

https://www.ukdfd.co.uk/pages/button-makers.html

The only entry with Firmin and Sons LD London is towards the bottom of the list of Firmin entries, and suggests it would be early 20th c.

You may also be interested in this thread;

http://www.treasurenet.com/forums/wh...d-not-old.html

EDIT:

Given your location, and the date range, then the Boer War looks a good bet.

EDIT 2:

The front design is pretty much identical to this one;

https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/Old-vinta...4AAOSwW75caymh

The back of that button is not showing a makers name, however.
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Old 8th March 2019, 05:27 AM   #14
HansMustermann
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Originally Posted by MikeG View Post
Flint tools are knapped........ie shaped by multiple small chips. It isn't impossible that it is a stone tool, but I would have said it is highly unlikely because it is so unlike the amazingly uniform stone tools we know from around the world.
Err... that's the whole difference between PALEOlythic and NEOlythic, ya know? They polished the stone only in the latter. The tools from the former could be quite rought and irregular.
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