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Old 1st June 2019, 09:39 AM   #1
Hans
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Question on 19th century Latin medical terms

Hi folks I'm having some difficulty understanding what modern disease/accident might be mentioned in this report on casualties from 1843:



In particular I have not been able to determine what is meant by:

Insolatio (would this be sun stroke or similar?)
Emersio (drowning?)

Thanks
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Old 1st June 2019, 10:00 AM   #2
Planigale
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Lancet VOLUME 73, ISSUE 1864, P505-506, MAY 21, 1859

'ON INSOLATIO, SUN-STROKE, OR COUP-DESOLEIL.'
William Pirrie M.D. (LATE ASSISTANT-SURGEON IN H.M. 71ST HIGHLAND LIGHT INFANTRY.)

So Insolatio would appear to be sun stroke.
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Old 1st June 2019, 11:54 AM   #3
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Dysenteria is dysentery or a GI infection, rather obvious.

Also obvious: hepatitis (liver), nephritis (kidney), aneurisms, fever, angina, and paralysis.

Remember some of them might not have modern equivalences given there were a lot of bad diagnoses in the past. For example miasma meant the disease came from bad air, which it didn't.
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Old 1st June 2019, 02:53 PM   #4
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Emersio is drowning. The chart appears to be in reference to the campaign in Abyssinia. Note that the number for emersion is followed by a "2" superscript. If you locate footnote 2 it should say "accidental drowning".
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Old 1st June 2019, 03:18 PM   #5
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How do you die of paralysis?
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Old 1st June 2019, 05:37 PM   #6
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If your diaphragm and chest wall muscles are paralyzed, you'll die real quicklike.
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Old 1st June 2019, 06:35 PM   #7
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A vulnus is a wound. The word "sclopetarium" appears to be a made-up bit of medical Latin, and a corruption from "esclopette," which was a gun. So I'm guessing that "vulnus sclopetarium" means "gunshot wound."

e.t.a. Well, though I enjoyed digging into Lewis and Short (to find that it does not exist in Classical Latin at all) and the OED, I could have saved myself the trouble and googled it. Gunshot would it is.
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Last edited by bruto; 1st June 2019 at 06:39 PM.
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Old 1st June 2019, 06:37 PM   #8
Skeptic Ginger
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Originally Posted by Loss Leader View Post
How do you die of paralysis?
Remember this was pre-modern medicine. And what deadrose said.
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Old 1st June 2019, 06:53 PM   #9
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Thanks all!
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Old 3rd June 2019, 12:40 AM   #10
Planigale
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Originally Posted by Loss Leader View Post
How do you die of paralysis?
Polio?
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Old 3rd June 2019, 02:25 PM   #11
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Originally Posted by Planigale View Post
Polio?
diaphragm: muscle that helps the lungs take in air and release the C02 and part of the action in the machine that people with polio were put in was called an iron lung because it substituted for that muscle.
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Old 3rd June 2019, 02:27 PM   #12
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Originally Posted by Planigale View Post
Polio?
Also, the heart is a muscle so if the nerves that signal the heart to beat do not work......
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Old 3rd June 2019, 02:38 PM   #13
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Originally Posted by fuelair View Post
Also, the heart is a muscle so if the nerves that signal the heart to beat do not work......
then it will beat slightly faster than normal (for resting).
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Old 4th June 2019, 01:50 AM   #14
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Originally Posted by fuelair View Post
Also, the heart is a muscle so if the nerves that signal the heart to beat do not work......
This is what happens in a heart transplant. A classic physiology examination question 'Describe the consequences of denervation of the heart with a transplant and how the CVS adapts to increased demands with exercise'.
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Old 4th June 2019, 02:00 AM   #15
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Originally Posted by BowlOfRed View Post
then it will beat slightly faster than normal (for resting).

So this scene from Airplane is true?

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Old 4th June 2019, 09:16 AM   #16
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Originally Posted by Belgian thought View Post
So this scene from Airplane is true?

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Absolutely!

When we do a heart transplant we always have a nurse standing by to catch the heart when it leaps out of the chest when it it is cut free of the tethering vessels.
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Old 4th June 2019, 09:41 AM   #17
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Originally Posted by Planigale View Post
Absolutely!

When we do a heart transplant we always have a nurse standing by to catch the heart when it leaps out of the chest when it it is cut free of the tethering vessels.
Otherwise the heart will run out of the OR on a destructive rampage.
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